Secretary-General Guterres stated that when he spoke in 2018, he had “issued a red alert” for the
world. In his comments earlier this year, he indicated that the “Alarm bells are still ringing.”
The problems confronting the international community are significant. From persistent conflict
adding to the growing number of displaced persons worldwide, to the unwavering issues of
global poverty and hunger, the gap between rich and poor, the ever-present matter of climate
change, continuing violations of human rights and the relentless attacks on journalists, when
viewed in total, greatly impacts the lives of individuals around the world.
The inability of global leadership to address these issues equates to greater mistrust in the
institutions of governance, including, as Guterres pointed out, the U.N. In this global
environment, the work of the U.N. is more important than ever.
The leader of the global body cited reforms that have been instituted under his guidance to make
the U.N. more responsive to the needs of people. One such measure relates to the issuance of
“new delegations of authority to more than 200 heads of U.N. entities” which he says will “cut
red tape and bring decision-making closer to the point of delivery.” He believes these reforms
will see a U.N. in 2019 that will be “working for all.”
A greater point of emphasis will be placed upon Africa as the U.N. seeks to bolster its
partnership with the African Union as both entities strive for lasting peace on the continent,
especially in countries like “Mali and the Sahel, South Sudan, Somalia, the Central African
Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”
In Yemen, a humanitarian disaster of immense proportion continues because of the ongoing
conflict. Guterres stated the Stockholm Agreement prevented what would have become a
disastrous military battle in Hudaydah exacerbating the famine in the country.
The efforts of the U.N. in Libya as a result of the ceasefire it helped to broker has remained and
he cited the need to advance this process by creating a National Conference to move towards
“reconciliation and future elections.” Syria, on the other hand, remains mired in conflict creating
a humanitarian nightmare displacing millions of people from their homes. The Secretary-
General’s appointment of a Special Envoy brings hope that a peaceful outcome can occur to a
country that has only experienced violence and chaos.
Obstacles continue to remain in the Ukraine, Myanmar, Afghanistan and the Caucasus. These
challenges require a unified Security Council, which in and of itself is no small matter. In
addition, moving towards peace requires women to be “full participants” in any peace process.
This is one of the Secretary-General’s top five priorities for 2019: A greater use of diplomacy to
solve such intractable conflicts.
Second, greater attention must be paid to climate change and its devastating consequences.
Under the Paris Climate Agreement, Member States are required to “assess progress and submit
new pledges to meet the goals to which they agreed.” This must be done by 2020. Guterres
further added that “by 2050 we need to reach net zero global emissions.” To this end, he will
have a Climate Summit on September 23 rd bringing together all the key actors, including
business, civil society, and political leaders.
Third, following the September Climate Summit, the leader of the world body has asked world
leaders to join together to discuss the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). He has not seen
the progress he had hoped for with the 2030 Agenda. It is in the vein he has summoned the
presence of global leaders to find ways to jumpstart these efforts.
Fourth, Guterres wishes to address the challenges posed by the development of new
technologies. He said that “reducing digital inequality, building digital capacity and ensuring that
new technologies are on our side as a force for good.”
Fifth, he believes it is the values of the U.N. that “binds us together” specifically mentioning
“peace, justice, human dignity, tolerance and solidarity.” It was these guiding principles that
were at the heart of the U.N.’s creation over seventy years ago. And they continue today to
remain the bedrock upon which the global body was built.